Research paper tense

High quality papersMore than 1000 satisfied customers chose and are still using our essay writing help services and we never let them down. The section also describes what is currently known about the topic, which makes the present tense the most natural tense to use. Plagiarism FreeEach custom written assignment is unique and has no plagiarism at all. To cite a previous study or finding without mentioning the researcher in the sentence: . To introduce other people’s research into your text when you are describing a specific study, usually carried out by named researcher.

If the time of demonstration is unknown or not important, use the present perfect. To “frame” your paper: in your introduction, the present simple tense describes what we already know about the topic; in the conclusion, it says what we now know about the topic and what further research is still needed. In the introductory section, the present tense is more common because in that section you state your reasons for undertaking the piece of research described in the paper. Conclusions and Further work: use present perfect to make clear that your statements still hold at the time of reading; for further work the future tense (or the present) is acceptable. Here is a brief guide to using the four variants, namely simple past, simple present, present perfect, and past perfect.  Since the materials and methods section is an account of your actions and not your intentions, the future tense is out of place.

These three verb tenses account for approximately 80% of the verb tense use in academic writing.  Sometimes, you may need to use the past perfect tense, as in “the seeds had been exposed to ultraviolet radiation for 4 hours before sowing, ” to describe some earlier stages of the experimental procedure. Simple past: Use simple past to describe specific actions or events that occurred in the past and that are not being linked to the present in the same sentence. They have laid down the following guidelines relating the outline of a typical paper. The situation is quite the contrary: we strive to deliver custom written papers prior to initial deadline!

A typical research paper follows the IMRaD format, and how frequently a given tense is used varies with the section of the paper: the introduction, for example, uses a mix of the present tense and the past tense whereas the past tense dominates the results section. Introduction: use a mixture of present and past tense; the present tense is applied when you are talking about something that is always true; the past tense is used for earlier research efforts, either by your own or by another group. On the other hand, it is common in the discussion section, toward the end, to indicate the future course of action suggested by the results of current research – and the future tense is the most natural choice then. To make general statements, conclusions, or interpretations about previous research or data, focusing on what is known now (The data suggest … The research shows …). We are not done with your paper until You are completely satisfied with your paper. Moore/Tsuda do not talk about a section that I often use as a last paragraph before acknowledgements: . Use simple present also to indicate research results that you believe to be true and relevant to your present research, as in ‘Robinson maintains that soaking seeds in strong acids help in breaking seed dormancy.

Abstract: generally, use the simple past (or for a concise introductory phrase the present perfect); for general statements and facts use the present tense. For the concluding statements of your introduction use the simple past; you may use the past perfect, when you talk about something that was true in the past but is no longer so. This handout will help you understand how present simple, past simple, and present perfect verb tenses are used in academic writing. Past perfect: Use past perfect to describe two related past events that occurred at different times in the past, as in ‘By the time they were sown, the seeds had already germinated’ and ‘Those candidates that had been exposed to radiation earlier were excluded. Buy essay online for the best price of the top-notch quality24/7 SupportNot only we provide our customers with the most professional writing services of unmatched quality, but when ordering essay writer help from SpeedyPaper You are treated like a friend. Every essay is checked for any instances of similarity at all stages of your order to make sure you receive the final product exactly as you specified it initially.

Present perfect: Use present perfect to talk about a past event that is linked to the present, to talk about trends, or about events that have ended or occurred recently or still continuing, as in ‘The use of cell phones or mobile phones to access the Internet has increased recently’ and ‘Multi-megawatt turbines have been used in Europe for offshore sites. Although English uses an elaborate system of tenses, simple past and simple present are the most common tenses in research papers, supplemented by present perfect and past perfect. Free RevisionsOnly You decide whether your custom written essay 100% meets your requirements and expectations. Here, the past is more natural because you are describing work that is already complete at the time of writing. Use this as your first choice unless you have a good reason to use another tense. Here, we will expand on this a bit and discuss tense usage in specific sections.

Dairy farming business plan samples

A sample plan can get you started thinking about your plan; but, its the planning process professors, investors, and lenders are looking for, not the document itself. Even if you grew up on a dairy and learned how to feed and milk cows from your parents and grandparents it is important to consult experts in the dairy industry as you develop your business plan and design your management system. Maybe you grew-up on the farm and are taking over ownership from your parents or grandparents, maybe you have worked on a dairy and milked cows for years, or maybe you’re a novice to dairy farming but think dairy farming seems like a lifestyle for you. How do i write a business plan for distribution of copiers to be presented to supplier? With the most complete library of document templates available today, Business-in-a-Box will cover all your writing needs from the day you launch your business until maturity. Our Business-in-a-Box software gives you unlimited lifetime access to our entire collection of 1, 800 business and legal document templates. Download the Business-in-a-Box software to instantly access the entire collection of 1, 800+ business and legal document templates! Your business plan should include a cash flow plan that will help you set reasonable expectations for your expenses and cost of production. Attend field days and open houses on dairy farms in your area and other parts of the state or country. The business model section of the dairy farm business plan communicates the most important factors of your company.

These unique aspects of the business model will direct your company’s marketing strategy and be reflected in your financial projections. There are several things to consider when creating a business plan for a dairy farm, such as the capacity and products produced. This article provides information on what is included in the business plan for dairy farming and how it is structured.

Fields that require customization are in brackets and contain helpful guidance making the software easy to use. For instance, some small dairy farms only provide pasteurized milk to distributors and retailers. Development of detailed business plan and a SWOT analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats) of your plan and the resources you have available will be critical to the success of your business.

Written by lawyers and business consultants, all document drafts provide high-quality, legally sound content that conveys a polished corporate image. Others may choose to refine their milk into cheeses, include flavoring, and other arrangements. Pro Business Plans has worked with many dairy farm companies to start and grow their enterprise with powerful business plans for investment and strategy. Whether you need to write a business plan, legal contracts, proposals, business letters, board resolutions, policies, spreadsheets or any other business document, simply fill in the blanks and get the job done in minutes!

We are constantly adding new documents and features to address user requests and the evolving business landscape. Whatever your background and experience, there are some things you need to know before you get started milking cows. In addition to farmers, talk to veterinarians, nutritionists, agronomists, bankers, extension educators, and others that can provide different perspectives on management of your dairy.

How to create an essay outline

Also, it will help you have a better understanding of what you should write about in your work. Let’s say I’m writing an argumentative essay about why American people should start eating insects. Putting together an argumentative essay outline is the perfect way to turn your blank document into a ready-to-use template. For research papers, an outline may help you keep track of large amounts of information. The Introduction should contain your thesis statement or the topic of your research as well as the purpose of your study.

There are many reasons; but in general, it may be helpful to create an outline when you want to show the hierarchical relationship or logical ordering of information. Remember: creating an outline before writing your paper will make organizing your thoughts a lot easier. For creative writing, an outline may help organize the various plot threads and help keep track of character traits. Basically, your outline will constitute three main parts namely the Introduction, the Body and the Conclusion. For example, a basic essay outline will contain anywhere between 3-5 segments per paragraph. A hook is a sentence that grabs your reader’s attention just like a good Jackie Chan movie grabs the attention of a martial arts fan. If you are an extremely talented writer, you may be able to intuitively create a compelling essay with all the components needed to be both persuasive and easy to swallow…or follow.

A well-structured essay outline helps you travel from point to point in your composition, creating a natural flow for the reader until you bring the “punch line” home in the summary or conclusion. Especially in cases where you are limited to a number of pages or assigned a word count, you can use an essay outline to break the structure into percentages or words. But first, let us discuss the main parts of your paper and what information each should cover. An outline should shortly summarize the content of your essay and organize that content in a logical manner. This is why you should establish before hand the scope and limitations of your paper and this will be the foundation of your research paper outline. It allows him to organize his main thoughts into single segments and figure out the order in which information will be written. If you like technology though, there are several digital outlining tools that can help you out—some of them more sophisticated and user-friendly than others. The next part of your intro is dedicated to offering some detailed background information on your topic.

The outline for an essay is one of the most useful preparatory tools a writer has in his arsenal. However, if writing doesn’t come easily to you, you can benefit from creating a 5-paragraph essay outline before jumping into your writing assignment. Paragraph 5: Conclusion, made up of your restated thesis and the broader significance of your argument. Creating an outline is the first thing you should do before you start working on your research paper. An outline ensures that you have the necessary components to write an awesome essay.  Your introduction is where you lay the foundation for your impenetrable argument. In addition to helping you organize your thoughts, an essay outline also helps you plan the length of your paper. But, if your teacher is demanding that you sum up your argument in five succinct paragraphs, follow this easy tutorial on how to create a 5-paragraph essay outline. Summary: This resource describes why outlines are useful, what types of outlines exist, suggestions for developing effective outlines, and how outlines can be used as an invention strategy for writing.

Order: Arrange material in subsections from general to specific or from abstract to concrete. Just one cup of flour too many and your chocolate dessert will be a chocolate mess! As a writer, you should use those points to construct a logical and coherent flow of ideas that will build off of one another and strengthen your overall argument. But to make sure your paper is complete, consult your instructor for specific parts he/she wants to be included in your research paper. The broader your topic is, the more difficult it is to discuss your topic in full details. Here’s how your argumentative essay outline would look if you turned it into a pretty picture: . Keep reading our ultimate guide to create a winning essay outline and get yourself an A+! Many people find that organizing an oral report or presentation in outline form helps them speak more effectively in front of a crowd.

If you distill your argumentative essay outline down to its basics, you’ll find that it’s made of four main sections: .

How to create a restaurant business plan

You will learn about all the different parts of restauranting, as well as your local competition and the local market. In short, many restaurateurs agree that having a sound business plan was the single most important ingredient in making their new business a reality. A professional, well-conceived restaurant business plan is absolutely essential for an independent restaurant venture to obtain funding and have any real chance for success. Here are some of our favorite articles with tips and advice regarding the content of your business plan. Pre-written content and customizable documents, including a detailed business plan financial model, to simplify and expedite the preparation of a professional, comprehensive plan.

Most business plans have the same general parts, but some sections of your plan should be geared specifically to the restaurant industry. As you research information for your restaurant business plan, you may encounter problems you hadn’t considered previously, such as licensing, health codes and tax laws. While advice in articles such as those above is often helpful, seeing actual examples of business plans will be a huge asset in helping you ensure your plan is practical and complete. It will also help you identify and think through the major and subtle elements that need to be addressed in any successful restaurant startup. By writing a restaurant a business plan, you do two things: You show the bank you have a clear and concise plan for getting your restaurant up and running. This comprehensive article provides a well detailed list of all the sections your business plan should contain in order to impress potential investors and ensure you have a plan for success. Links to literally hundreds of related articles, resources and tools available within RestaurantOwner.

Not only does it provide direction, it requires you to consider all the pitfalls and opportunities of your prospective enterprise, well before you open its doors. You can also download a free cash flow forecast template or a business plan template on the Start Up Loans website to help you manage your finances. The article takes you from the first words to the finished article, and also discusses managing and protecting your plan to ensure nobody else steals your ideas. Our exclusive templates and resources give you a quick and easy way to prepare a winning business plan without spending hundred of hours researching, organizing and crafting every word yourself. Knowing how to run a restaurant isn’t enough, improve your financial skills to control costs, manage profit margins and make sound business decisions. Without it you are unlikely to receive funding from anyone other than the most trusting or unsophisticated sources of financing. Here are some tips for writing an executive summary geared toward a restaurant business plan. While they may have great food and service, they struggle financially and don’t provide a quality lifestyle for their owners.

These may be more important to a successful opening than menu design or table and chair selection. Download free business plan templates and find help and advice on how to write your business plan. A business plan is especially helpful to those new to the food/restaurant industry. Use these resources to simplify and speed up the preparation process with a proven outline to communicate your plan in a professional, compelling format that will enhance your credibility and improve your chances of attracting investors and obtaining the necessary financing. With over 50 sample business plans for many different types of restaurants and hospitality businesses, this website will certainly have a template you can learn from or use as a base when writing your own plan. Don’t include personal or financial information like your National Insurance number or credit card details. You need proper training, established operational procedures, and a creative marketing plan, before you open. Written by Charmayne Smith, using her extensive experience in corporate management and property/casualty insurance, this article shares a ten step approach to writing a practical business plan. A business plan is essential for most new businesses seeking any kind of financing.

Get detailed information about how to write a business plan on the Start Up Donut website. It can also help to convince customers, suppliers and potential employees to support you. Today, by linking to some of our favorite restaurant business plan resources, we aim to help drive your business forward. Several of our members who have recently opened their own restaurants, tell us unequivocally, that having a first-class business plan was the single most important ingredient in making their new business a reality.

Homework policy high school

Homework provides students with opportunities to consolidate their classroom learning, pattern behaviour for lifelong learning beyond the classroom and involve family members in their learning. Homework assignments will be purposeful and differentiated to meet the needs of all students. Failure by students to complete homework on a regular basis should be followed up with parents. This includes sufficient time for family, recreation, cultural and employment where appropriate.

The more traditional approach to homework has actually been shown by research to foster social barriers and, more seriously, to create a negative attitude towards learning per se. The setting of homework takes into account the need for students to have a balanced lifestyle. Through cross-curricular collaboration, departments will work to minimize overlap of major assignments in order to limit an excessive work load. Success at study generally requires hard work and commitment – but most of all it takes a time commitment and good study habits at home. Success at school through achieving your maximum potential provides students with better life and career opportunities. University High School provides a number of resources to assist students with homework, including: . It is much more fruitful to consider homework under the broader heading of ‘consolidating learning’.

Given this situation, it might be a thought that homework should be reduced to a minimum and, for example, restricted to Upper School. Therefore, if our definition of homework focuses upon encouraging pupils to consolidate their learning in their own time, we can, hopefully, remove all negative connotations. Pre-reading homework prepares students for work that will be covered in future lessons. Students are expected to thoughtfully approach and complete homework with the same earnest diligence that they bring to their classwork each day. Homework develops and extends the core learning skills of inquiry and independent study. This includes sufficient time for family, sport and recreation, cultural pursuits and employment where appropriate. Homework at University High School whether assigned in the format of reading, skill development, vocabulary practice, or extension assignments, is designed to reinforce and review the concepts and content learned in the classroom, prepare or study for assessments, and introduce upcoming lessons. Curriculum related information is currently being reviewed and may be subject to change. Homework helps students by complementing and reinforcing classroom learning, fostering good habits of lifelong learning, self-discipline, concentration and study; and by providing an opportunity for students to be responsible for their own learning. Teachers will work with their curricular levels to determine the percentage to which homework will be factored into student grades.

It provides parents and caregivers with insights as to what is being taught at school. It can easily be divisive and unhelpful to the overall learning process, particularly where: . However, this reaction would be based upon a narrow definition of the nature and purpose of homework which would see it as a matter of ‘duty’ rather than as having any intrinsic interest or tangible benefit. To be successful at secondary school students must undertake work at home in addition to their contact time in lessons. It allows for the practising, extending and consolidating of work done in class.

Schools must have a documented approach to homework which takes into account the personal and developmental needs of students. BackgroundAs part of a comprehensive and balanced curriculum within Victorian schools, homework is seen as one way of supporting and fostering life-long learning and connecting families with the learning of their children. These guidelines provide information about fostering good life-long learning and study habits, the importance of administering level-appropriate homework to students, and the different types of homework that may be undertaken in schoolsRequirements. To ensure schools develop a homework policy in consultation with their school community (including the principal, teachers, school council, parents/carers and students) and that the policy is communicated to all parents. The blocking of study time ensures that students can balance such temptations as “hanging out” with friends, texting, surfing the net, chat rooms, TV, ipods, DVDs, sport, home chores and family commitments to ensure that their school work does not suffer. Parents and guardians are encouraged to consistently provide a supportive and distraction-free environment for students to work independently. It provides training for students in planning and organising time and develops a range of skills in identifying and using information sources. Within this context, our aim must be to create an environment in which learning is valued to such an extent that consolidation of class work is seen as a natural and important part of the learning process.

The setting of homework needs to take into consideration the need for students to have a balanced lifestyle.

Business plan for smoothie and juice bar

Industry AnalysisFive forces: • Smoothie industry is in a growing stage, with few players; differentiation is key. A juice bar that serves customers fresh-squeezed fruit juice drinks and smoothies is a fantastic new business enterprise to put into action, as more and more people are striving to lead healthier lifestyles. A quick service juice bar will mean less start-up capital and lower costs of running the business. Many people are seeking out healthier fast food options, trying to incorporate more fruits and vegetables in their diets, and have heard that juicing is a great way to capture a lot of vitamins and minerals from raw produce that might otherwise be lost during cooking. Juice bars are a popular source for customers seeking freshly squeezed, pressed, or otherwise extracted juices. The target group is composed of health conscious consumers looking for convenient fast-food alternatives• The healthy benefits and tastes of our juices are the core of our organization and will be transmitted through our efficient service. The current trends of trying to eat healthier, and to include more fresh fruits and vegetables into our meals, either for fitness or for better health, could be a good sign that opening a fresh, sustainable, juice bar and smoothie café could attract a viable customer base and be a feasible green business idea. Management will establish long • Differentiation strategy and brand term agreements with suppliers T awareness will reduce the risk of and forecast average costs, to threat of new competitors reduce effects of variations.

There are many great ways to incorporate locally sourced, organic and seasonal produce that will greatly improve the environmental footprint of the business, as well as the health of your offerings and the creation of community in your area. There is no need for you to have an education in nutrition, as most people understand that fruits and vegetables are a healthy part of their regular diet. The target group is composed of health conscious consumers looking for convenient fast-food alternatives. Occasionally these businesses also generate revenue from additional products such as foods, smoothies, and more.

Business Opportunity Despite reduced spending power due to the current economic downturn, the demand for “easy health” in the shape of functional foods and drinks does not seem to go away. There are franchises as well as independent juice bars, and both models have proven successful in the right markets. A downside might be the seasonality of demand since we expect the demand to decrease in the colder winter months. Food service experience is helpful but not a necessity in running a juice bar and smoothie café. To boost sales and profits, additional items such as sandwiches, salads and healthy snacks can also be added to the menu. Real-World juice bar concepts, which are designed to start and run a successful juice bar business. MasterPlans is a company based in Portland, Oregon that has created thousands of business plans for companies all over the world that have led to millions of dollars in raised capital. Juice Gallery has assisted entrepreneurs from all over the world realize their dream of starting a juice bar.

Who are your direct competitors and what are their relative strengths and weaknesses? Business The business being proposed is that of a Smoothie-bar, named Smoothie Barcelona, selling a variety of mixed and instantly prepared natural fruit juices to take away. A widespread consumer interest in products positioned as “health-boosting” closely linked to the trend of preventive health care, rises the market demand for healthy products that bring added-value to the consumers. Sustainable juice bars and smoothie cafés sell freshly squeezed juices and blended smoothies made from organic, local, and seasonal fruits and veggies. This website uses cookies to allow us to see how our website and related online services are being used. Soft drink market in Spain will rise up to 9 billion euros• “Resilience of health products during the recession to customers´ desire to maintain their health / wellness habits while avoiding risky cheaper options”• “Growing demand for “easy health” (convenience) in the shape of functional foods”• “Widespread consumer interest in products positioned as health-boosting” → preventative care• “Health benefits are driving sales of functional foods and beverages”→ value-added-products Copyright © 2012 Smoothie Bar-celona. The profit potential for a juice bar will vary based on factors such as operating overhead and total sales. Our main location, the Barcelona Gotic District is ideal for high pedestrian traffic of tourists and business people. To serve and satisfy the nutrition needs of health conscious consumers through the high quality of our products.

While many restaurants, coffee shops, and cafés may offer fresh juices or smoothies, a juice bar that focuses on using only sustainable and organic ingredients might have an edge over other similar businesses, especially in areas with a very eco-conscious community. Ideal locations to establish a juice bar include busy tourist attractions and beach areas, mall food courts, fitness clubs and public markets. The BusinessVision• “To be perceived as the provider of the most delicious, convenient and healthy grab and go alternative in Barcelona”. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising.

How to write literature review sample

Here you will find some more examples of literature reviews, showing how the students refer to and comment on previous research. To some extent, particularly with postgraduate research, the literature review can become a project in itself. Define or identify the general topic, issue, or area of concern, thus providing an appropriate context for reviewing the literature. A literature review may be a stand alone work or the introduction to a larger research paper, depending on the assignment. This guide will provide research and writing tips to help students complete a literature review assignment.

While a summary of the what you have read is contained within the literature review, it goes well beyond merely summarizing professional literature. Summarize individual studies or articles with as much or as little detail as each merits according to its comparative importance in the literature, remembering that space (length) denotes significance. Writing literature reviews: a guide for students of the social and behavioral sciences. It focuses on a specific topic of interest to you and includes a critical analysis of the relationship among different works, and relating this research to your work. Summarize major contributions of significant studies and articles to the body of knowledge under review, maintaining the focus established in the introduction. Point out overall trends in what has been published about the topic; or conflicts in theory, methodology, evidence, and conclusions; or gaps in research and scholarship; or a single problem or new perspective of immediate interest. After reading your literature review, it should be clear to the reader that you have up-to-date awareness of the relevant work of others, and that the research question you are asking is relevant. Discusses further research questions that logically come out of the previous studies. The process of conducting and reporting your literature review can help you clarify your own thoughts about your study. Evaluate the current "state of the art" for the body of knowledge reviewed, pointing out major methodological flaws or gaps in research, inconsistencies in theory and findings, and areas or issues pertinent to future study.

Group research studies and other types of literature (reviews, theoretical articles, case studies, etc. How you refer to authors will depend on whether you want to focus:  on the information: use name/number in parentheses. A literature review is not an annotated bibliography in which you summarize briefly each article that you have reviewed.

The first set of examples shows part of the Table of Contents, so that you can see the kind of information included in a literature review. This Study Guide explains why literature reviews are needed, and how they can be conducted and reported. I have integrated some other tips within this guide, particularly in suggesting different technology tools that you might want to consider in helping you organize your review. Writing literature reviews: a guide for students of the behavioral sciences (3rd ed. It may be written as a stand-alone paper or to provide a theoretical framework and rationale for a research study (such as a thesis or dissertation). Provide the reader with strong "umbrella" sentences at beginnings of paragraphs, "signposts" throughout, and brief "so what" summary sentences at intermediate points in the review to aid in understanding comparisons and analyses. A literature review is an integrated analysis– not just a summary– of scholarly writings that are related directly to your research question.

The ability to review, and to report on relevant literature is a key academic skill. It can also establish a framework within which to present and analyse the findings. Look at the following examples and see how the students summarise a number of studies and contrast differing findings. You’re expected to show that: you can recognise the relevant and important research in your fieldyou can understand this research, by organising and evaluating ityou can see where there is a gap in the research which your study will attempt to fill. That is, it represents the literature that provides background information on your topic and shows a correspondence between those writings and your research question. FAQs about literature reviewsIn the table below, you will find some of the questions that students ask, and some suggested answers.

I also provide links at the end of this guide to resources that you should use in order to search the literature and as you write your review. It is an important showcase of your talents of: understanding, interpretation, analysis, clarity of thought, synthesis, and development of argument. This is usually because, unlike other stages of a thesis such as Methods and Results, they have never written a literature review before.

I need help writing a business plan

You can also download a free cash flow forecast template or a business plan template on the Start Up Loans website to help you manage your finances. Learn more about what you’ll need to include and mistakes you should avoid making along the way. Competitive AnalysisThe purpose of the competitive analysis is to determine the strengths and weaknesses of the competitors within your market, strategies that will provide you with a distinct advantage, the barriers that can be developed in order to prevent competition from entering your market, and any weaknesses that can be exploited within the product development cycle.

To see all of the upcoming training classes offered by the University of Houston Small Business Development Center for free or at low-cost, click here . After every major chunk of time spent on the business plan read it from the beginning. The exercise asks you a series of questions about your business, your goals and your future plans. Planning is one of the most important, yet often underestimated, parts of starting a business. In almost every case, having a business plan of some sort will help your small business succeed. A business plan can help you get organized, support an application for a loan, and serve as a roadmap to take your business in the right direction. If you intend applying for a Small Business Grant;  then their criteria and guidelines should start you off.

You can start creating your business plan with our free business plan template or with a sample business plan from your industry. Reasonable accommodations for persons with disabilities will be made if requested at least two weeks in advance. This article will explain some of the most important reasons you should slow down and create a plan to guide your small business journey. Operations & Management PlanThe operations and management plan is designed to describe just how the business functions on a continuing basis.

A market analysis forces the entrepreneur to become familiar with all aspects of the market so that the target market can be defined and the company can be positioned in order to garner its share of sales. Executive SummaryWithin the overall outline of the business plan, the executive summary will follow the title page. This guide will explain why a business plan is a must-have, provide a shortcut to the business planning process, help you collect important background information, and get you started with a working business plan outline.

And you would write your plan for a specific audience:   a plan written as an internal document to guide your day-to-day operations would be different from one developed for a banker or an investor. The bad news: This is where you may start to feel stressed, overwhelmed and completely out of your league. It can also help to convince customers, suppliers and potential employees to support you. Get detailed information about how to write a business plan on the Start Up Donut website. Design & Development PlanThe purpose of the design and development plan section is to provide investors with a description of the product's design, chart its development within the context of production, marketing and the company itself, and create a development budget that will enable the company to reach its goals. Download free business plan templates and find help and advice on how to write your business plan. When describing the industry, discuss the present outlook as well as future possibilities. A business plan gives you direction, helps you qualify your ideas and clarifies the path you intend to take with your business. Although business plans generally follow a generic outline, no two plans are exactly alike.

All opinions, conclusions or recommendations expressed are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the SBA. It will help you map out a new course, and navigate through unchartered territory. Simultenously, start working on your marketing plan (download a sample as close to your business as possible from mplans. Don’t include personal or financial information like your National Insurance number or credit card details. Join our community of passionate entrepreneurs for daily business advice and guidance. You should also provide information on all the various markets within the industry, including any new products or developments that will benefit or adversely affect your business.

Term paper bibliography

Write down, photocopy, or print the following information for each source you find. Yet many, perhaps most, students have never received formal instruction about how to write a good research report. The bibliographic information for different types of resources are located in different places, so you may need to do some detective work to get all of the information for your bibliography. This format is very similar to that of the Modern Language Association, and these are the most commonly used styles for publishing in the social and natural sciences.

Although, there are various methods of writing bibliography in term papers; however, students should know about the standard method of writing bibliography for term paper. A research paper requires searching for information pertinent to a given subject, organizing it, and presenting it effectively in written form. The required format meets the accepted practices cited in Li and Crane (1993), a reference that is currently considered the best authority on citing electronic sources. In the following sections, we will present the way that we want you to cite your references in the term paper for this course. Bibliography page is a page in which all the references used in an essay or research paper are cited. Sorting Sources and Naming Authors: You should list down the sources that you have utilized for your term paper bibliography in an alphabetical order. You should also mention name of city where that work was published followed by a colon after the title. If you leave JavaScript disabled, you will only access a portion of the content we are providing. You should also incorporate the name of publisher in your bibliography term paper followed by a comma and mention published date of the work followed by a period. One goal relates to the specific subject of the course; the other goal is based on your professional development.

The first course-specific goal is to increase your expertise in some particular substantive area. With your background research plan in hand, you will find sources of information that will help you with your science fair project. This skill will serve you well in writing papers of all types, not just those required for classes. In the research paper bibliography the writer requires to enlist, the sources alphabetically.

As you write your term papers, it will be important for you to document where you obtained the information cited in your report. You should give the last name of author, followed by comma and the first name of author, followed by a period against each source. It is also essential for the writers to follow the same page numbering pattern as has been followed in the research paper. The effort will allow you to delve into the intricacies of a specific topic far beyond what is possible in the no doubt broad lectures that your instructor must deliver in class. These are the basic ruled to be followed while writing a research paper bibliography. An important component of your writing will be the effective use of reference material. Please change your browser preferences to enable javascript, and reload this page. The amount that you learn from this or almost any other course will be expanded significantly by doing research and by writing a paper.

This also helps the reader form being charged with plagiarism, which is why it is very essential to know how to cite a paper. Answering this question is a good place to start thinking about term papers because if you know why papers are such a common assignment, then perhaps you can approach the task with added enthusiasm and dedication. But, you develop a bibliography only after first preparing a background research plan — a road map of the research questions you need to answer. A bibliography is a listing of the books, magazines, and Internet sources that you use in designing, carrying out, and understanding your science fair project. For A-Z custom thesis writing services be it analysis, thesis proposal, thesis chapters, conclusion or complete thesis writing service along with. Before you compose your bibliography, you will need to develop your background research plan. Here is the method that students should follow to write a term paper bibliography: . Many a times a bibliography might not be taken seriously by writers but a research paper bibliography is just as vital as the main research paper. If reference has been taken from a particular then, the name of the article has to written if quotes followed by the journal of the article.

Writing an abstract for a thesis

An abstract often functions, together with the thesis title, as a stand-alone text. There are simple rules for the use of capital letters in titles, headings and subheadings in. Abstracts appear, absent the full text of the thesis, in bibliographic indexes such as PsycInfo. These materials were made possible thanks to the generous support from the Kemper K. An abstract of a social science or scientific work may contain the scope, purpose, results, and contents of the work.

This handout provides definitions and examples of the two main types of abstracts: descriptive and informative. Here are some very successful sample abstracts from a range of different disciplines written by advanced undergraduate students. The structure of the abstract should mirror the structure of the whole thesis, and should represent all its major elements. First paragraph: state what the thesis is about, give a simple statement of aims and. An abstract is a greatly condensed version of a longer piece of writing that highlights the. Abstracts often end up in electronic databases, so it is important that they contain the keywords that will enable other researchers to find your work.

Presented at the beginning of the thesis, it is likely the first substantive description of your work read by an external examiner. You can look in a standard database in your area to find keywords that relate to your topic. Notice that while all of them are strong, interesting, and convincing, each one was written at a different point in the project’s process.

Since this is the first impression that your reader will get, it is important to spend time ensuring that this summary of your work is well written and provides only the important information in an informative, interesting and succinct manner. Abstract and thesis titles should be kept as short and sweet as possible and be to the point. Abstracts give readers a chance to quickly see what the main contents and sometimes. Finally, it includes a few examples of abstracts broken down into their component parts. Some (like Benjamin Herman’s history abstract and Diana Dewi and Jennifer Kittleson’s apparel and textile design abstract) include nearly final results, while others (like Laura Silberman’s curriculum & instruction abstract) include preliminary and projected results.

An abstract is a self-contained, short, and powerful statement that describes a larger work. It is important that it is written in a concise and focussed manner so that it identifies the salient features of the research, the problem or research question, the approach adopted, and its findings. In addition to that function, it must be capable of substituting for the whole thesis when there is insufficient time and space for the full text. Second paragraph: explain the structure of the thesis and say something about the. The thesis abstract or summary is what will be read first, to give an indication of the parameters of the study, its depth and breadth, its context and the scholarly contribution it makes. The written abstract demonstrates your ability to appreciate and communicate an overview of the project. An abstract is not merely an introduction in the sense of a preface, preamble, or advance organizer that prepares the reader for the thesis. Using key words in an abstract is important because of today’s electronic information. It also provides guidelines for constructing an abstract and general tips for you to keep in mind when drafting. This research draws upon mostly primary sources including memoirs, published letters, and a complete collection of the Little Review.

Most readers who encounter your abstract in a bibliographic database or receive an email announcing your research presentation will never retrieve the full text or attend the presentation. An abstract of a humanities work may contain the thesis, background, and conclusion of the larger work. While it contains key words found in the larger work, the abstract is an original document rather than an excerpted passage. Depending on your particular project and your discipline, you will need to decide which of these aspects you will emphasize the most. You may assume that your reader is an expert in the discipline, and therefore you will not provide definitions of terminology or background explanations. Notice also that even both across and within disciplines, abstracts differ in the amount of emphasis they give to objectives, methods, results, and conclusions.